Essay On Why World War One Started

The Main Causes of World War 1 Essay

1295 Words6 Pages

Great War, also known as The First World War, lasted for four year (1914 to 1918). It brought a huge development of war technics and weapons. More number of countries had been involved in the Great War than any previous war. It involved the mobilization of the whole nations, not just an enormous army that turned the war into a “total war”. (Clare 6) However, historians are still arguing about the major cause of the World War I. The major cause will be one of the four long-term causes of WWI, which are Militarism, Alliance, Imperialism, and Nationalism. In my opinion, the two major causes would be Alliance and Nationalism. Alliance is an association between two or more countries for mutual benefits that formed with different treaties, while…show more content…

Bismarck’s alliance system brought peace between the European countries. (Stewart, Fitzgerald, Pickard 12) His alliance system starts with a treaty with Austria-Hungary who was one of the 5 powers in Europe. In 1879, Germany and Austria-Hungary signed the Dual Alliance, which was planned as a merely defensive arrangement or military alliance. Both governments promised that they should help or remain neutral when other powerful countries such as Russia or France attack. (Stewart, Fitzgerald, Pickard 13) The second allied country was with Italy. In 1882, Bismarck turns Dual Alliance into Triple Alliance by making Italy to join in his alliance system. Since Italy had close friendship with Great Britain, although Italy was not a strong military nation, it was an influential part of the Alliance. And at the same time, Great Britain and Germany had conflict in North Africa on colonial aspiration. Therefore, it was the perfect time to be an ally with her to isolate France. (Stewart, Fitzgerald, Pickard 14) Making Great Britain as a close friend was a benefit for Germany. Bismarck’s next target to isolate France was Russia. In 1881, the Dreikaiserbund was made a treaty, which was the agreement between Germany, Austria-Hungary, and Russia promising not to help the fourth power, France. However in 1884, this treaty had renewed and Russia refused to renew her membership in Dreikaiserbund. Then Bismarck discussed the Reinsurance Treaty with

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The Causes of World War One Essay

1104 Words5 Pages

The Causes of World War One
Some people believe that the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria-Hungary was the primary cause of World War I, but it was just one event that triggered the conflict. Many other events and political beliefs combined to lead thirty-two nations into war. Resentments from earlier wars, advances in technology and military strength and a chain of alliances all contributed to the first "Great War" of the Twentieth Century. The United States tried to remain neutral, but it was pulled into the Great War, and changed America forever. In the years before the war, Europe was very unstable. Nationalism, the belief that loyalty to a person's nation and its political and economic…show more content…

At the same time, both Bulgaria and Turkey, who lost land in the Balkan Wars, wanted revenge. Meanwhile, other countries of Europe were busy building military strength. The nations of Europe did not trust each other. Some people believe that Germany was most responsible for World War I, because it wanted to become the strongest power in Europe (Ruggenberg). By the early 1900's Germany had the best army in the world and was building a strong navy. This made other nations nervous, and the British developed the Dreadnought, the first modern battleship. Germany began building ships to defeat the Dreadnought and developed submarines (U-boats). France worked to build a stronger army and increased the time people had to serve in the military from two to three years. All the other nations of Europe began to spend much more money to make their armies extremely powerful. During the four years between 1910 and 1914, Germany and Austria both doubled the amount of money they spent on their militaries (Craig, 484). Technology made it possible to develop new weapons such as the machine gun. This made it possible to kill more enemies at one time and fight longer and harder than ever before. Another development was that the military had a bigger effect on government policies, and sometimes military leaders were more powerful than civilian leaders (Craig, 485). At the same time, the countries of Europe were competing with one another

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