Students researching an inquiry question or gathering information for a report must learn to cite the source of their data. This is especially true when using online resources. Readers may want to look at the references to find more details. Teachers may want to check that students have paraphrased the material into their own words. The good news is that citing reference sources is a quick and easy task when using digital tools.
A citation should have as much information as possible, including author’s name, date published, web page title or publisher, and the web address. There are many citation styles used to format the source. The most popular are APA and MLA. Each style has rules about where to put the information and type of punctuation to use.
Online citation generators save time. To use one:
- Choose the style of citation.
- Pick the type of resource. For a website, enter the URL.
- Fill in any missing information if you can.
- With the click of one button, the citation is created.
- Copy and paste it into your research project.
Try it! Here are five great citation and bibliography generators:
TechnoResearch is a TechnoKidstechnology project that teaches the steps of the research process. It can be applied to any curriculum area or topic. Students make a one page fact card and cite the sources of their information.
Hella Comat, Curriculum Writer - Hella Comat is a dedicated professional, who has taught in the education system for more than 30 years. As a pioneer of technology integration in Ontario public schools she was one of the first teachers to introduce the internet, video conferencing, web design, and multimedia learning activities to teachers and students in the Halton Board. To inspire teachers to use technology, she has led sessions for the Touch Technology program, ran workshops at education conferences, and sat on numerous advisory committees related to technology-issues. In recent years she taught the Computer in the Classroom course, at York University. Her lifelong commitment to teaching and learning was acknowledged when she was honored as the recipient of the Prime Minister’s Award for Teaching Excellence in Science, Technology, and Mathematics. Hella's contribution to the blog includes entries about the importance of technology integration. Drawing from her in-depth knowledge of technology in the classroom Hella writes about teaching strategies and useful resources that can benefit your practice. In addition, she provides innovative lesson ideas that you can implement into your own curriculum.
View all posts by TechnoHella →
Use this template to cite an entire book, pamphlet, or report. Also, use this template to cite part of a book or encyclopedia, such as an article, chapter, essay, play, poem, or short story. This applies to all formats: print, audio, online, or e-book.
Example – Book, 3 authors, edition
Reilly, Mary Jo, et al. Mexico. 3rd ed., Marshall Cavendish Benchmark, 2012.
Example – E-book, 1 author, downloaded to a device
Arnold, Eric. Volcanoes! Mountains of Fire. E-book, Random House, 2013.
Example – Article in a book, library database, 2 editors
Lerner, K. Lee, and Brenda Wilmoth Lerner, editors. "Soccer.” World of Sports Science, vol. 2, Gale, 2007, pp. 647-49. Gale Virtual Reference Library, go.galegroup.com/ps/i.do?p=GVRL&sw=w&u=port&v=2.1&it=r&id=GALE%7CCX3451100488&asid=7f7a14a418f9fdb081e1f5587d079270.
Example – Encyclopedia article, Internet, publisher is same as Web site title (so do not list publisher)
Stock, Joann. "Earthquake." World Book Student, 2016, worldbookonline.com/student/article?id=ar171680.
(See more examples)